Answer of Eminece Shaikh Jafar
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH THE COMPASSIONATE THE MERCIFUL.
Dear noble brother
We have received your questions
by information net (internet) and it contains the following questions:
(1) What is the difference between the Sunnism
and Shiism ?
(2) Is true that Sunnis are (Kufar)disbelievers according to Shia's believe?
(3) What is my duty in my
way to know much about Shiism ?
(4) Why Shia is better than Sunni?
These are your questions, but let us deal with
the answers in summarized :
To answer on the first question, we say: Both Sunnis and Shias has agreed on three principles
which are the basis of the believe and accession to the pound of Islam. Those three principles are:
(1)(al- Tawheed) Unity
(3) al-Ma'ad) Resurrection.
Verily the difference is in other issue, In fact
after the Prophet ( P.B.U.H) the muslims have agreed on the source of Caliphate and Imamate, but the disagreement was focused
on the position ( Caliphate), is this special position is a Divine's position that it needs to be appointed by the Almighty
Him self or it can be appointed by human being through nation's election ?
From this point Shia believe that the Prophet
(P.B.U.H.) appointed Ali bun Abi Talib ( peace be upon him) with the command from the Almighty allah to be a leader of this
nation after him, and this happened in a great gathered during his coming back from the Farewell pilgrimage in the tenth year
in a place called Ghadeer Khum, when command came from Almighty Allah saying : O, apostle proclaim the message which hath
been sent to thee from the Lord. If thou didst not, thou wouldst not have fulfilled, and proclaim his mission, and Allah will
defend thee from men ( who mean mischief) For Allah guideth not those reject faith. ( al-Maaidah - verse 67 ).
a huge group of Sunni's commentators or Quranic translators has mentioned about the revelation of the verse together with
As for the Sunnis they do believe that after the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) the caliphate position depend on the
nation it self not on the Divine as Shia believes. So this is the essence of the disagreement between the both sects, so in
this case he who believe that the Caliphate of Ali bun Abi Talib was appointed by the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) from Almighty Allah
then the fellow is Shia, and he who believe the opposite of this is not Shia.
THE SECOND ANSWER:
Verily both Sunnis
and Shias are Muslims because the limitation of the believe is consisting in those three principles and all of them are common
between both sects, so he who said Shias are saying that Sunnis are (kufar)disbelievers then he had fabricated on them.
You have already knew the essence difference between the both sects, so you and all those who want to know much
about Shiism have to refer or review to these books which was written by famous scholars of Shia, and we will mention these
particular books as follows :
(1) (Aslu-Shia wa usooliha) - Genesis of Shiism and its principles - written by Shaikh Muhammed
Husain Kashif al-Ghita'a.
(2) ( Al-Muraaja'at) - Refferings .written by Sayyid Sharafudeen al-Aamuli.
al-Islamiya) The Islamic Believe - written by Shaikh Jafar al-Subhani.
(4) Thummah Ihtadaitu) Then I was guided - written
by Dr. Muhammed Tijani al-Samawi, and other examined books.
Verily Shias use to take their principles,
its positive laws, principal features of religion and laws from the Holy Quran and the Sunna of the holy Prophet, means his
practices as a first source.
And take from the Ahlulbait Imams (peace be upon them) the clean progeny, those are equal
to the Holy Quran as second source, as was related from the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H.) and is widely transmitted saying :Iam
leaving you with two weights, one of them is the Holy Quran and the other one is my progeny.
But as for why they are called
Shia, in fact this refer to the Holy Prophet ( P.B.U.H.)where the commentators or Quranic translators have mentioned that
after this blessed verse was revealed saying : Those who have faith and do righteous deeds, they are the best of the Creatures.
(al-Bayyinah verse 7 ) Then Prophet (P.B.U.H.) said to Ali bun Abi Talib ( peace be upon him ) that is you and your followers
are pleaseds and pleasants ( please refer to Shaikh Suyuti's book called al-Dur al-Man thur vol. 2 page 589. or al-Sawaiq
al-Muhriqah page 161.
Before to end we are supplicating to Almighty Allah to grant you success and prosperity.